2018-2019 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
    Oct 23, 2018  
2018-2019 Undergraduate Catalog

Zoology


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OVERVIEW OF DEGREE REQUIREMENTS

Minimum number of credits required to graduate: 120

Minimum Cumulative GPA required to graduate: 2.0

Minimum Grade requirements for courses to count toward major: Zoology Majors must have a “C” or better in BIO 100 and BIO 200.

Other GPA requirements to graduate: Zoology Majors require a cumulative 2.0 GPA in all courses in Biological Sciences Areas I-V, affiliated science, and math courses combined.

Required Course(s) for fulfilling Capstone Experience:  BIO 388 or BIO 392 or BIO 402 or BIO 431 or BIO 438 or  BIO 450 or BIO 463 or HON 499* or BIO 480 and BIO 483. For specific requirements, see the curricula for individual concentrations.

*The thesis topic must be in Zoology and the thesis advisor should be in the School of Biology and Ecology.

Contact Information:  Ann Dieffenbacher-Krall, Undergraduate Program Coordinator, 100 Murray Hall, (207)581-2540, annd@maine.edu


The study of zoology increases our knowledge of human and animal biology. As in other fields of biology, recent developments in environmental studies, biotechnological research techniques, medicine, and related areas make the study of zoology important and fascinating. These areas are expected to continue growing and to affect our society in many ways and at many levels. Graduates of our Zoology program pursue various careers, depending on their interest, level of educational attainment, and subsequent professional education. Among the more typical career areas are scientific research and development, human and veterinary medicine, environmental monitoring and regulation at state and federal levels, and private design and consulting.

Zoology offers students many choices and allows them to tailor their programs to their interests. Students can choose from a wide range of courses covering all major areas of biology including cells and molecules, genetics, evolution, physiology, anatomy, biodiversity, ecology, and behavior. Students enrolled in the Honors College will find the program complementary to their degree studies.  Each student works with an academic advisor to develop a curriculum that best meets the student’s goals and allows for exploration or specialization as desired.  Students in their third and fourth years of study, who intend to pursue post-baccalaurate studies leading to advanced degrees, are strongly encouraged to include independent research under the guidance of a faculty member in their programs.  Students wishing to spend a semester studying abroad are advised to discuss this option with their advisor early in their program.

The B.S. and B.A. degrees in Zoology are offered by the School of Biology and Ecology.  For information about areas of specialization and for an overview of our facilities, cooperative programs, and list of faculty in the School of Biology and Ecology, visit https://sbe.umaine.edu.

Students choosing Zoology as a second major must select courses in Areas I-V that are not being used to satisfy the requirements of their first major.  No Zoology capstone is required in this situation provided the student completes a capstone for their first major.

Students majoring in Zoology are not eligible for a minor or second major in Botany or Biology because of extensive overlap in the requirements for these degrees.

Students majoring in Zoology must complete an assessment exit exam in their last semester prior to graduating.

Students majoring in Zoology must earn a score of 4 or 5 in order to receive advanced placement credit for BIO 100.

Students must complete a minimum of 12 credits originating from the University of Maine in Biological Sciences Areas I-V.

Students wishing to transfer from other institutions or from another program within the University of Maine must have completed BIO 100: Basic Biology with a grade of C or better, have a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or better, and a grade of C or better in MAT 111 or no grade record in MAT 111 and a passing score on Part 1 of the Math Placement Exam.

Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts

The School of Biology and Ecology offers both B.S. and B.A. degrees in Zoology.  Both degrees provide a strong background in biological sciences.  They have the same requirements in biological sciences and differ only in the level of chemistry, mathematics, physics, and social sciences required. The B.S. requires more in-depth study of chemistry, math, and physics while the B.A. requires more in-depth study of social sciences and humanities. The B.S requires more in-depth study of chemistry, math, and physics while the B.A. requires more social sciences and humanities.  The B.S. provides preparation for the health professions, while the B.A. ensures a broad liberal arts education and allows more flexibility for minors and double majors.  Students who plan to pursue a career as a practicing scientist or in a medical field are encouraged to select the B.S.  Students who plan to work in a field requiring knowledge of zoology, but whose daily work is focused more directly in education, communication, policy, law, or business, may prefer the greater flexibility of the B.A.

Concentrations in the B.S. and B.A. Degrees in Zoology

The Ecology Concentration is open to students in either the B.S. or B.A. degree program.  This concentration is intended for students interested in exposure to ecological principles within the context of a rigorous biological sciences curriculum.

The Pre-medical Studies Concentration is open to students in the B.S. degree program only, not the B.A.  This concentration is intended for students preparing for a career in medicine or one of the other health professions (dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, physician assistant, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine, and other health-related fields). Students completing this concentration will be fully prepared for advanced studies in these fields. In addition to the required science and mathematics courses, the concentration also includes general education courses that are desired by many medical schools. The concentration allows for considerable choice in courses and provides valuable guidance to students and their advisors with regard to course selection in their major and in general education requirements.

Biology Club

Students majoring in Biology, Botany, Zoology, and Medical Laboratory Sciences (Medical Technology) are encouraged to join the Biology Club, a student organization that promotes an interest in the biological sciences and in biological research with invited speakers, panel discussions, debates, trips, social functions, and service projects. The club also supports a local chapter of the national honor society, Beta Beta Beta.

Accelerated Binary Degree Programs, including the B.S. Degree in Zoology

The University of Maine, New England College of Optometry (NECO) and Logan College of Chiropractic (LCC) cooperate in providing accelerated undergraduate curricula leading to consideration for early admission to the cooperating colleges. Students complete three years at the University of Maine and are awarded the B.S. in Biology upon the successful completion of the first year curriculum at NECO or LCC. Contact the Career Center’s Health Professions Career Consultant (207) 581-2587 for complete program details and a curriculum for the first three years.

Combined B.S. and M.S. degrees in Botany, Entomology, or Zoology

These Four Plus programs allow highly dedicated students to earn both the B.S. and the M.S. degrees in five to six years. This allows the student to save time and reduces the cost of the M.S. degree. See our web site for details, https://sbe.umaine.edu.

Bachelor of Science Core Requirements


1. Basic Biology:

  and   (Minimum grade of C required in each.) 

2. General Chemistry

   , and    

3. Organic Chemistry I

  and   or   and     

4. Organic Chemistry II or Biochemistry

  and   or BMB 322  and     

5. Physics I: 

  or    

6. Physics II: 

  or    

7. Calculus

   or    or    

8. Statistics

  or   or PSY 241   

9. Biological Sciences Area Credits (see below): minimum of 24 credits including 3 credits each from areas I, III, IV, and V, and 6 credits from area II.  At least four lab courses (L) must be taken among the BIO Area courses, and at least three animal courses (A).  A minimum of 12 of these credits must be taken at University of Maine

10. Required Course: 

   

11. Satisfy general education requirements: To fill the general education capstone requirement, Zoology B.S. students must take one of the following:

        , or both   and  

12. Minimum average GPA 2.0 is required for all courses listed in items 1-9 above and capstone. 

Bachelor of Arts Core Requirements


1. Basic Biology:

  and   (Minimum grade of C required in each.) 

2. General Chemistry

   , and    

3. Organic Chemistry:

  and  ; or    and   and   and  ; or  ,  , BMB 322 , and   

4. Physics

  or   or    

5. Mathematics

   or    or   or   or   or PSY 241  

6. Biological Sciences Area Credits (see below): minimum of 24 credits including 3 credits each from areas I, III, IV, and V, and 6 credits from area II.  At least four lab courses (L) must be taken among the BIO Area courses, and at least three animal courses (A).  A minimum of 12 of these credits must be taken at University of Maine.

7. Required Course: 

   

8. Minimum average GPA 2.0 is required for all courses listed in items 1-6 above and the capstone. 

9. Satisfy General Education requirements. Note that General Education requirements for the B.A. include a total of 27 credits in Human Values and Social Contexts, at least 12 of which must be at 200 level or above.  Be aware that a total of 6 credits are required in Quantitative Analysis.  To fill the general education capstone requirement, Biology B.A. students must take one of: 

        , or both   and  

10. International Perspectives:  Filled by either 1) Establishing intermediate level proficiency in a foreign language, or 2) at least one semester in a UMaine approved foreign exchange program, or 3) 9 credits in Cultural Diversity and International Perspectives (which can overlap with credits required in item 9 above).

Ecology Concentration Requirements


1.  Satisfy the core requirements of either the B.S. or B.A. degree program.

2.  Statistics requirement: Take the following course to satisfy the requirement: 

   Note for B.A. students,   requires either   , or   as a prerequisite.

3. For BIO Area V: Take the following courses: 

   or    or  , and at least 3 additional credits chosen from  ,  ,  ,  ,  ,  ,  ,  ,  ,  ,   ,   , or  

4. Primary and Secondary Producers: Choose at least one plant course, labeled P, from the BIO Areas.

5. Environmental Influences: At least 3 credits from this list:

  ,  ,    (SBE, PSE),  , or   

6. Field Experience: At least one of the following courses:

 , BIO 430 ,  , BIO 463 ,  , or  . This course can also satisfy one of the BIO areas for the basic Zoology major.

7. General Education requirement: To fill the general education capstone requirement, students in the Ecology Concentration must take one of the following:

 ,     or   (Topic must be in ecology and  thesis advisor should be in SBE).

8. Writing Intensive: ENG 315  or ENG 317  

Pre-medical Studies Concentration Requirements


1. Satisfy the core requirements for the B.S.

2. Fill the B.S. Organic Chemistry requirements with: 

 ,  ,  , and   

3. At least one of the BIO area I choices must come from this list:

 ,  , BMB 280 , or   

4. At least one of the BIO area III course choices must come from this list:

 ,  , or   

5. From BIO area IV, students must take either: 

  and   or      

6. To fill the general education capstone requirements, students in the Pre-medical Studies Concentration must take one of the following list:

  (highly recommended),   ,     (topic in Biology with an SBE faculty advisor), or both BIO 480  and BIO 483 .

7. Biochemistry:

  and    

If, and only if, CHY251, CHY 252, CHY 253, and CHY 254 are also taken, will BMB 323 count as one of the four required BIO area labs.

8. Writing Intensive (take one of the following):

 ,  , or  . Optional for students completing the Honors Program.

9. Other requirements:

 ,  , an English literature course at the 200 level or above, and one of
  (recommended), PHI 100 , PHI 230 , PHI 231 , PHI 233 . (English literature is optional for students completing the Honors Program).  

10. Recommended courses:

  (recommended, but not required).

Pre-medical Studies Notes


a.    Inclusion of BIO 480, Cell Biology, is highly recommended. This course can only count in one area.

b.    Physician assistant, pharmacy, optometry, and physical therapy schools require two semesters of anatomy and physiology (8 credits). This requirement can be met by combining BIO 335, Human Anatomy, and BIO 377 & 378 Medical Physiology and lab (recommended);  or by combining BIO 208, Anatomy and Physiology, and BIO 377 & 378 Medical Physiology and lab. Note that BIO208 does not count toward the Biology or Zoology degree requirements.  Check with the Health Professions Career Consultant for details of the program you want to pursue.

c.    Students pursuing this concentration may want to consider a minor in Neuroscience, Chemistry, Psychology, or Business.

d.    Pre-medical studies students are strongly encouraged to work with the Career Center’s Health Professions Career Consultant throughout their entire undergraduate program.

Biological Sciences Areas for the B.S. or B.A.


If BIO 431, BIO 438, BIO 450, or BIO 463  is taken as a capstone, it can go toward satisfying the area in which it is listed and can count as a laboratory course (if labeled L), but cannot count towards the 24 credits required in Areas I-V.  BIO 480 can count as a capstone if, and only if, BIO 483 is also taken.  In this case, BIO 480 can go toward satisfying one of the BIO areas, but the credits do not count towards the 24 BIO area credits;  the two credits from BIO 483 can be counted toward the 24 BIO area credits.

Area I. Cell and Molecular Biology


Students must take BMB 280 or BIO 480 or 6 total credits from the area.

Area II. Genetics and Evolution


Both courses are required.

Area III. Physiology


Students must take 3 credits from the Area.

Area IV: Biodiversity


Students must take 3 credits from the Area.

Area V: Ecology and Behavior


Students must take BIO 319 or SMS 300 or WLE 200 or 6 total credits from the area.  No more than one of BIO 319 or SMS 300 or WLE 200 may be taken for credit.

Alternate Area


Courses within the Alternate Area can be included in the 24 total area minimum credits, but do not count toward any specific area except by prior arrangement with the program coordinator.  A total of three credits from BIO 387 or BIO 391 can be counted toward the 24 credit total.

Required Courses in Suggested Sequence for the B.S. in Zoology


First Year - First Semester


First Year - Second Semester


Second Year - First Semester


Second Year - Second Semester


Third Year - First Semester


Third Year - Second Semester


Fourth Year - First Semester


  • Capstone or BIO Area Credit: 3 (Appropriate fall capstone courses include BIO 388, BIO 392, BIO 450, BIO 463, or HON 499)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives Credits: 12

Fourth Year - Second Semester


  • BIO Area Credits: 4 (e.g., area I, if not previously filled, with lab)
  • Capstone or BIO Area Credit: 3 (Appropriate spring capstone courses include BIO 388, BIO 392, BIO 402, BIO 431, BIO 438, BIO 480 & 483, HON 499.)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives Credits: 8

Required Courses in Suggested Sequence for the B.S. in Zoology with Ecology Concentration


First Year - First Semester


First Year - Second Semester


Second Year - First Semester


Second Year - Second Semester


Third Year - First Semester


Fourth Year - First Semester


  • BIO 464 - Taxonomy of Vascular Plants Credits: 4
  • or other BIO Area plant course

  • Capstone or BIO Area, animal, Credit: 3 (Acceptable capstone courses in fall semester include BIO 388 or BIO 392 or BIO 463 or HON 499.)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives Credits: 8

Fourth Year - Second Semester


  • Capstone or BIO Area, animal, Credits: 3 (Acceptable capstone courses in spring semester include BIO 388 or BIO 392 or BIO 431 or HON 499.)
  • Environmental Influences Credits: 3
  • General Education Requirements or Electives Credits: 9

Required Courses in Suggested Sequence for the B.S. in Zoology with Pre-medical Studies concentration


First Year - First Semester


Second Year - First Semester


Second Year - Second Semester


Third Year - First Semester


Third Year - Second Semester


Fourth Year - First Semester


Fourth Year - Second Semester


  • BIO 480 - Cell Biology Credits: 3 (if Area I has not yet been filled.  This course is recommended for all pre-med students.)
  • with

  • BIO 483 - Cell Biology Laboratory Credits: 2  (If both BIO 480 and 483 are taken, BIO 480 counts as a capstone.  BIO 483 will count as a BIO Area lab and as 2 BIO Area credits.)
  • BIO 336 - Developmental Biology Credits: 4 (optional)
  • Capstone (Acceptable spring capstone courses include BIO 388 or BIO 431 or BIO 438 or BIO 480 & 483 or HON 499.)
  • or

  • General Education Requirement

  • Elective Credits: 3

Required Courses in Suggested Sequence for the B.A. in Zoology


First Year - First Semester


First Year - Second Semester


Second Year - First Semester


Second Year - Second Semester


Third Year - First Semester


  • BIO Area Credits: 4 (e.g., area III with lab, animal)
  • General Education Requirement Credits: 9
  • Elective Credits: 2

Third Year - Second Semester


Fourth Year - First Semester


  • Capstone or BIO Area Credit: 3 (Acceptable fall semester capstone courses include BIO 388, BIO 392, BIO 450, BIO 463, or HON 499.)
  • General Education Requirements - Writing Intensive Credits: 3
  • General Education Requirement Credits: 3
  • BIO area lab Credits with lab: 4
  • Electives Credits: 2

Fourth Year - Second Semester


  • BIO Area Credits with lab (if 4th lab is still needed): 4
  • Capstone or elective Credits: 3 (Acceptable spring capstone courses include BIO 388, BIO 392, BIO 402, BIO 431, BIO 438, BIO 480 & 483, or HON 499.)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives Credits: 8

Required Courses in Suggested Sequence for the B.A. in Zoology with Ecology Concentration


First Year - First Semester


First Year - Second Semester


Second Year - First Semester


Second Year - Second Semester


Third Year - First Semester


  • BIO Area Credits: 4 (e.g., area III with lab, animal)
  • General Education Requirement Credits: 9
  • Elective Credits: 2

Third Year - Second Semester


Fourth Year - First Semester


  • BIO 464 - Taxonomy of Vascular Plants Credits: 4
  • Capstone or BIO Area, animal, Credit: 3 (Acceptable capstone courses in fall semester include BIO 388, BIO 392, BIO 463, or HON 499.)
  • General Education Requirement Credits: 6
  • Elective Credits: 2

Fourth Year - First Semester


  • Capstone or BIO Area, animal, Credits: 3 (Acceptable capstone courses in spring semester include BIO 388 or BIO 392 or BIO 431 or HON 499.)
  • Environmental Influences Credits: 3
  • General Education Requirements or Electives Credits: 8

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