Jan 22, 2022  
2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Biology / Botany / Zoology


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OVERVIEW OF DEGREE REQUIREMENTS - Biology

Minimum number of credits required to graduate: 120

Minimum Cumulative GPA required to graduate: 2.0

Minimum Grade requirements for courses to count toward major: Biology Majors must have a “C” or better in BIO 100 and BIO 200.

Other GPA requirements to graduate: Biology Majors require a cumulative 2.0 GPA in all biology, affiliated science, and math courses combined.

Contact Information: Christa Schwintzer, Assistant Director of School of Biology and Ecology, 13 Deering Hall, (207)581-3115


OVERVIEW OF DEGREE REQUIREMENTS - Botany

Minimum number of credits required to graduate: 120

Minimum Cumulative GPA required to graduate: 2.0

Minimum Grade requirements for courses to count toward major: Botany Majors must have a “C” or better in BIO 100 and BIO 200.

Other GPA requirements to graduate: Botany Majors require a cumulative 2.0 GPA in all biology, affiliated science, and math courses combined.

Contact Information: Christa Schwintzer, Assistant Director of School of Biology and Ecology, 13 Deering Hall, (207)581-3115


OVERVIEW OF DEGREE REQUIREMENTS - Zoology

Minimum number of credits required to graduate: 120

Minimum Cumulative GPA required to graduate: 2.0

Minimum Grade requirements for courses to count toward major: Zoology Majors must have a “C” or better in BIO 100 and BIO 200.

Other GPA requirements to graduate: Zoology Majors require a cumulative 2.0 GPA in all biology, affiliated science, and math courses combined.

Contact Information: Christa Schwintzer, Assistant Director of School of Biology and Ecology, 13 Deering Hall, (207)581-3115


The School of Biology and Ecology offers both BA and BS degrees in Biology, in Botany, and in Zoology. For more information about areas of specialization and for an overview of our facilities, cooperative programs, and list of faculty in the School of Biology and Ecology, see our web site www.sbe.umaine.edu/

Students choosing Biology, Botany, or Zoology as a second major must complete the second major by selecting courses in Areas I-V that are not being used to satisfy the requirements of their first major.

Students majoring in Biology, Botany, or Zoology are not eligible for a minor or second major in one of these majors because of extensive overlap in the requirements for these degrees.

Students majoring in Biology, Botany, or Zoology must earn a score of 4 or 5 in order to receive advanced placement credit for BIO 100.

Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science

Both the BA and BS degrees in Biology, Botany, and Zoology provide a strong background in biological sciences. The less stringent BA requirements in affiliated sciences and math may be insufficient preparation for a health-professions career and some other careers requiring graduate study. The BA option is structured to ensure a broad liberal arts education and allows more flexibility for minors and double majors. The BA also requires students to develop an enriched international perspective. This may be done by (1) establishing proficiency in a foreign language at the intermediate level, (2) completing at least one semester in a University of Maine approved foreign exchange program, or (3) completing nine credits in General Education courses in Cultural Diversity and International Perspectives. Credits earned may be used to fulfill some General Education requirements. The College of Natural Sciences, Forestry, and Agriculture has a BA requirement of 27 credits in General Education courses in Human Values and Social Context and at least 12 must be at the 200 level or above.

For the BA and BS in Biology, Botany and Zoology, a minimum grade of “C” is required in BIO 100 and in BIO 200 for degree credit.

All students must earn a minimum GPA of 2.0 in all Biology, Affiliated Sciences, and Math courses averaged together. Transfer students must complete a minimum of 12 credits in Biology courses in residence in Biological Sciences Areas I-V.

Requirements for BA and BS degrees outlined below are the same in Basic Biological Sciences and Biological Sciences Areas and differ only in Affiliated Sciences and Math.

BA and BS in Biology

Tremendous advances in biotechnology, medicine, environmental studies, and related areas make biology an important and fascinating field of study. Growth in these areas is expected to continue and to affect society in numerous ways and at many levels. Graduates of our Biology program pursue various careers, depending on their interest, level of educational attainment, and subsequent professional education. Among the more typical career areas are human and veterinary medicine, scientific research and development, teaching at the high-school and college levels, hospital-laboratory analysis, environmental monitoring and regulation at state and federal levels, and private design and consulting.

Students in Biology have access to a wide range of courses in biology, covering all major areas of the field and most of them with laboratories. Biology offers many areas of specialization and opportunities for students, including anatomy and physiology, cell biology, ecology, entomology, evolution, fish biology, freshwater biology, genetics and development, systematics, and health professions (including accelerated programs in cooperation with the University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine (UNECOM), New England College of Optometry (NECO)and Logan College of Chiropractic (LCC)). Students in their third and fourth years of study, and who intend to pursue post-baccalaureate studies leading to advanced degrees, are strongly encouraged to augment their formal courses with independent research under the guidance of a faculty member.

Students majoring in biology must select at least one course primarily about animals (designated A) and at least one primarily about plants (designated P) from the Biological Sciences Areas outlined below. The goal is to achieve a balanced exposure to higher organisms.

 

Concentrations in the BS Degree in Biology

Optional concentrations are available in:

  • Pre-medical Studies
  • Ecology

These concentrations are described in detail following the suggested curriculum for the BS in Biology/Botany/Zoology

Accelerated Binary Degree Program, including BS Degree in Biology
The University of Maine, UNECOM, NECO, and LCC (see above), cooperate in providing an accelerated undergraduate curriculum leading to consideration for early admission to UNECOM, NECO, and LCC and the awarding of a baccalaureate degree from UMaine upon the successful completion of the first year curriculum at UNECOM, NECO, and LCC. Contact the Office of Health Professions (207) 581-2587 for complete program details and a curriculum for the first three years.

BA and BS in Botany

Plants are of critical importance to the world and in human society. They are sources of useful materials, such as human and animal foods, fibers, building materials, medicines, and horticultural specimens. They are major primary producers, the foundation for many terrestrial ecosystems and an essential matrix for other organisms in forests, savannas, marshes and many other habitats. Tremendous advances in biotechnology, environmental studies, and related areas make botany an important and fascinating field of study. Graduates of our Botany program pursue various careers, depending on their interest, level of educational attainment, and subsequent professional education. Among the more typical career areas are environmental monitoring and regulation at state and federal levels, scientific research and development, education at the high-school and college levels, and private design and consulting.

The University of Maine offers students majoring in Botany a wide range of courses covering all major areas of the field. Most of these courses include laboratories. Botany includes many areas of specialization and opportunities for students, including ecology, evolution, freshwater biology, genetics, marine botany, mycology, pathology, physiology, and systematics. Students in their third and fourth years of study, and who intend to pursue post-baccalaureate studies leading to advanced degrees, are strongly encouraged to augment their formal courses with independent research under the guidance of a Botany faculty member.

Students pursuing a major in Botany satisfy the Biological Sciences Area Requirements by selecting at least three courses primarily about plants (designated P) in the listing below.

BA and BS in Zoology

The study of zoology increases our knowledge of human biology and of the biology of many species of animals with which we interact and upon which we are more or less dependent. As in other fields of biology, recent developments in environmental studies, biotechnological research techniques, medicine, and related areas make the study of zoology important and fascinating. These areas are expected to continue growing and to affect our society in many ways and at many levels. Graduates of our Zoology program pursue various careers, depending on their interest, level of educational attainment, and subsequent professional education. Among the more typical career areas are scientific research and development, human and veterinary medicine, education at the high-school and college levels, environmental monitoring and regulation at state and federal levels, and private design and consulting.

The University of Maine offers students majoring in Zoology a wide range of courses in major areas of the field. Most of these courses include laboratories. Zoology includes many areas of specialization and opportunities for students, including anatomy and physiology, behavior, cell biology, ecology, entomology, evolution, fish biology, freshwater biology, genetics and development, health professions (including accelerated programs in cooperation with UNECOM and NECO), marine zoology, and systematics. Students in their third and fourth years of study, and who intend to pursue post baccalaureate studies leading to advanced degrees, are strongly encouraged to augment their formal courses with independent research under the guidance of a Zoology faculty member.

Students pursuing a major in Zoology satisfy the Biological Sciences Area Requirements by selecting at least three courses primarily about animals (designated by A) in the listing below.

The University of Maine does not offer a formal degree in fisheries, but a curriculum certified by the American Fisheries Society can be constructed from courses offered by the departments of Biological Sciences, Wildlife Ecology, and the School of Marine Sciences. Students interested in this career path should consult with their academic advisor.

Concentration in the BS Degree in Zoology

An optional concentration is available in:

  • Pre-medical Studies

This concentration is described in detail following the suggested curriculum for the BS in Biology/Botany/Zoology.

Biology Club

Students majoring in any of the three biological sciences described above and Clinical Laboratory Sciences are encouraged to join the Biology Club, a student organization that promotes an interest in the biological sciences and in biological research with invited speakers, panel discussions, debates, trips, social functions, and service projects. The club also supports a local chapter of the national honor society, Beta Beta Beta.

Basic Biological Sciences for the B.A. and B.S. in Biology / Botany / Zoology


Note: BIO 208, Anatomy and Physiology and BIO 222 Biology: The Living Science, will not count towards the major for students majoring in Biology, Botany, or Zoology.

Biological Sciences Areas for the B.A. and the B.S. in Biology / Botany / Zoology


The following are minimum requirements for these 5 areas: 24 credits, 3 credits/area, and 4 lab (L) courses. The Biology B.A. and B.S. degrees require at least one animal (A) course and at least one plant (P) course from areas III - V. The Botany B.A. and B.S. degrees require at least 3 plant (P) courses from areas III - V. The Zoology B.A. and B.S. degrees require at least 3 animal (A) courses from areas III - V.

I. Cell and Molecular Biology


If only one course is selected from this area, it must be BMB 280 or BIO 480

III. Physiology


IV. Biodiversity and Evolution


V. Ecology and Behavior


If only one course is selected from this area, it must be BIO 319, SMS 300, or WLE 200, only one of which may be taken for degree credit.

Affiliated Sciences and Math for the B.S. and B.A. in Biology / Botany / Zoology


Courses for the B.A. Degree Option in Biology / Botany / Zoology


Courses for the B.S. Degree Option in Biology / Botany / Zoology


Suggested curriculum for the B.A. in Biology / Botany / Zoology


First Year - First Semester


First Year - Second Semester


Second Year - First Semester


Second Year - Second Semester


Third Year - First Semester


  • Credits: 4
  • or

  • PHY 111 General Physics I.3Credits: 4
  • Biological Sciences Area Choice.2Credits: 2-4
  • International Perspective.4Credits: 3
  • General Education Requirement or Elective. Credits: 3

Third Year - Second Semester


  • Credits: 4
  • General Education Requirement or Elective
  • Credits / Units: (3-6 cr.)

  • Biological Sciences Area Choice.2Credits:3-4
  • or

  • Elective if PHY 105 already taken. Credits: 4

Fourth Year - First Semester


  • Biological Sciences Area Choice2(3-4 cr.)
  • Capstone5or Elective (3 cr.)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives (7-10 cr.)

Fourth Year - Second Semester


  • Biological Sciences Area Choice2(3-10 cr.)
  • Elective or Capstone5 (3 cr.)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives (3-6 cr.)

Suggested curriculum for the B.S. in Biology / Botany / Zoology


First Year - First Semester


First Year - Second Semester


Second Year - First Semester


Second Year - Second Semester


Third Year - First Semester


  • Credits: 4
  • General Education Requirement or Elective
  • Credits / Units: 6

  • Biological Sciences Area Choice2
  • Credits / Units: (5-7 cr.)

Third Year - Second Semester


  • Credits: 4
  • General Education Requirement or Elective
  • Credits / Units: (6-8 cr.)

  • Biological Sciences Area Choice 2
  • Credits / Units: (3-4 cr.)

Fourth Year - First Semester


  • Biological Sciences Area Choice2(4 cr.)
  • Capstone5 or Elective (3 cr.)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives (6-9 cr.)

Fourth Year - Second Semester


  • Biological Sciences Area Choice2 (4-10 cr.)
  • Elective or Capstone5 (3 cr.)
  • General Education Requirements or Electives (6 cr.)

Footnotes


1 General Education requirements for all students at the University. If BIO 400 (Biological Sciences Writing Intensive) is used to satisfy the General Education Requirement Writing Intensive in the major requirement, then it must be taken in conjunction with a selected upper-level BIO course (see listings in Schedule of Classes), usually during the third or fourth year.

2See above lists of courses in five Biological Sciences Areas and follow requirements for total number of credits, number of credits per area, number of courses with laboratories (L), and number of animal (A) and plant (P) courses in areas III-V.

3 Students not planning on a health-professions or some other career requiring graduate school may take BMB 221/222 and PHY 105 rather than CHY 251/3, CHY 252/4, and PHY 111/112.

4 See the description of the B.A. degree above for ways to satisfy this requirement for the B.A. degree.

5 The General Education capstone experience may be completed with BIO 387, 388, 391, 392, 402, 438, 447, 450, 454, 463, or HON 499.

6 Alternatively, students may take BMB 221/222 and BMB 322/323.

Concentration in Ecology


This concentration is intended for students interested in exposure to ecological principles within the context of a rigorous biological sciences curriculum. Students in this concentration must meet all of the requirements for the Biology BA or Biology BS degrees concerning the number of credits, number of laboratories, and animal and plant courses. The concentration also includes WLE 220 Introduction to Statistical Ecology and a requirement for a course on environmental influences. A total of 32 credits are required to complete the concentration.

Specific requirements:

Affiliated Sciences and Math


Add WLE 220 Introduction to Statistical Ecology as a requirement.

Area I. Cell and Molecular Biology


Free choice among Area I courses on the Biology checklists.

Area II. Genetics


Choose at least one of the following courses:

Area III. Physiology


Free choice among Area III courses on the Biology checklists.

Area IV. Biodiversity


BIO 465 Evolution is required plus 3 additional credits chosen from the courses on the Biology checklists.

Capstone


Choose one of these courses:

Field Experience


Choose at least one course from this list. This course can also satisfy one of the areas above.

Writing requirement (students in the Honors program are exempt)


One course required. The courses below satisfy the general education writing intensive requirement and so do not add to the number credits needed beyond the basic biology major.  Choose from the following courses:

Concentration in Pre-medical Studies


This concentration is intended for students preparing for a career in medicine or one of the other health professions (dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, physician assistant, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine and other health-related fields). Students completing this concentration will be fully prepared for advanced studies in these fields. In addition to the required science and mathematics courses, the concentration also includes general education courses that are desired by many medical schools. The concentration allows for considerable choice in courses and provides valuable guidance to students and their advisors with regard to course selection in their major and in general education requirements.

Requirements for the concentration

Students in the pre-medical studies concentration must meet all of the requirements for the BIO-BS or ZOL-BS.

Specific requirements:

Affiliated Sciences and Math


Choose CHY 251-254 to meet the organic chemistry requirement.

Area I. Cell and molecular biology


Choose at least one of the following courses:
If only one course is chosen, it must be BMB 280 or BIO 480.

Area II. Genetics


Area IV. Biodiversity


Choose at least one of these courses:

Area V. Ecology and Behavior


Free choice among the Area V courses on the BIO-BS and ZOL-BS checklists.

Other required courses


  • Credits: 3
  •    and

  • Credits: 2 Footnote 1
  • Credits: 3 Footnote 2
  • Credits: 3 Footnote 3
  • Literature course: An English literature course Footnote 4

  • Credits: 3 Footnote 5
  •  

    Footnotes:

    1 Required by medical schools. If CHY 251-254 have been completed, BMB 323 can count as one of the four labs required in Areas I-V.

    2 Satisfies general education Social Contexts and Institutions.

    3 Satisfies general education Writing Intensive, not required for students completing HON 211 and HON 212.

    4 Satisfies a general education area depending on the course chosen. Not required for students completing HON 211 and 212.

    5 Satisfies general education requirements for Ethics, Western Cultural Tradition, and Social Contexts and Institutions.

Notes


a. Inclusion of BIO 480, Cell Biology, is highly recommended. This course can only count in one area.

b. Physician assistant and pharmacy schools require two semesters of anatomy and physiology. This requirement can be met by combining BIO 208, Anatomy and Physiology, and BIO 377, 378 Medical physiology and lab OR by combining BIO 335, Comparative Anatomy, and BIO 377, 378 Medical physiology and lab. Check with the Health Professions Specialist for details of the program you want to pursue.

c. Students pursuing this concentration may want to consider a minor in Neuroscience, Chemistry, Psychology, or Business.

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